CIPA (Child Internet Protection Act)

Schools and libraries subject to CIPA may not receive the discounts offered by the E-rate program unless they certify that they have an Internet safety policy that includes technology protection measures. The protection measures must block or filter Internet access to pictures that are: (a) obscene; (b) child pornography; or (c) harmful to minors (for computers that are accessed by minors). Before adopting this Internet safety policy, schools and libraries must provide reasonable notice and hold at least one public hearing or meeting to address the proposal.
See the FCC's website for further detail.  
New FBI - SOS (Safe Online Surfing)

The FBI-SOS Internet Challenge is a FREE, educational, fun online program that promotes cyber citizenship and teaches students in 3rd through 8th grades how to recognize and respond to online dangers. Sponsored and managed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the program provides vital Internet safety guidance in an interesting, competitive format. The FBI-SOS Internet Challenge enables participating students to familiarize themselves with practical information, safety tips, and resources to help them stay protected online and grow to become safe, responsible cyber citizens.

Go to SOS: (web)